History Of Sauna And Steam

A relaxing sauna session turns out well for the body and mind. The usage of sauna and other methods of conventional heat treatment has withstood the test of time and in recent years have achieved tremendous prominence. For appreciate a sauna’s advantages you need to consider its evolution and history first. While data suggests that the Finns used saunas around 2000 years ago, accurate documents remind us that in certain regions the sauna has been in everyday usage for at least the last thousand years. Checkout Neosauna.

Many of the older established saunas were tiny holes sunk into a soft region of the soil and used primarily as shelters during rough winters. Stones were heated up in a furnace, and water was poured over them to create steam and additional heat until they were dry. Increasing air temperature caused people to strip off their clothing and enjoy their body’s sense of steam. A Finnish term of roots, saunas have become often known as a winter shelter. This was later also used as a tool for bathing. Yet more advanced sauna systems evolved in Finland at the beginning of the 19th century. So far saunas were often housed outside the home in a different building. More modern sauna rooms had a beam-supported ceiling, with a hinged door and a wooden log wall. Many people also love and enjoy the conventional look of saunas constructed on the field over other forms of saunas.

A rectangular log hut which contains an open rock stove and raised platform is the most common type of sauna. Initially recognized as the “savusauna” (smoke sauna) by many Finns, these saunas hold lots of rocks in the burner, so when fired up, they create extreme quantities of smoke that escapes through a roof or door opening. The smoke thus created would black the space with soot and leaves the sauna with a good fragrance. Smoke saunas were the only known system in use before the introduction of more advanced saunas, which had many inherent drawbacks, such as lengthy heating periods, heavy maintenance demands and the frequent risk for catching fire.

Another sauna approach was invented in the late 1800’s, where the stones were covered with a conical metal top connected to a chimney to get rid of the created smoke. A tiny door regulated the temperature of the sauna, which can either be opened or closed for ventilation. Around the turn of the century the stove sauna fitted with a chimney was quite common because of its many advantages and benefits. About every house in the countryside had a sauna constructed inside, and even metropolitan centres started constructing neighborhood saunas. By the late 1920’s almost all citizens were conscious of the idea and hence there was a increase in sauna use and building right up to World War II years.

Another form of sauna was discovered during the intervening time. This sauna had a chimney, but it separated the fire from the sauna stones kept in a metal frame above the flames. Many cast iron components were added to distribute heat between the stones and the flames. The sauna session and the fire’s strength controlled stone and room temperature. Users were forced to wait for more than 30 minutes and a continuous attendance to the fire was needed to ensure heat and steam output. Later in most areas of Finland even more comfortable gas and electric stoves came into existence. These forms of sauna heaters are also in operation in many Finnish sauna rooms. Their advent also curtailed the usage of productive forest wood.